Frank Stewart


Frank Stewart been editor of Mānoa: a Pacific Journal of International Writing since 1989. He is also an essayist, translator, and the author of four books of poetry. For his poetry, he was awarded the prestigious Whiting Writers’ Award in New York in 1986 and other awards, including the Hawai'i Governor's Award for Literature. He has also edited eight anthologies on the contemporary literature and environment of Hawai‘i, Asia, and the Pacific. These include Wao Akua: The Sacred Source, 2003, and The Poem Behind the Poem: Translating Asian Poetry into English, 2004. He represented American writers at the Asia-Pacific Conference on Indigenous and Contemporary Poetry, in Manila; was a U.S. representative to the Taipei International Poetry Festival, in Taiwan; the American representative to the Commonwealth Games/Literature in New Delhi, and he's been invited to other conferences in Seoul, New Delhi, and several cities in Japan.


¶ Books as Author By All Means. Berkeley, CA: El Leon, 2003. (poetry) A Natural History of Nature Writing. Washington, D.C.: Island Press/Shearwater Books, 1995. (literary history) Flying the Red Eye. Pt. Reyes Station, CA: Floating Island Publications, 1986. (poetry) Reunion. Honolulu: The Paper Press, 1986 (poetry) The Open Water. Pt. Reyes Station, CA: Floating Island Publications, 1982. (poetry) ¶ Books as Primary Editor (Excluding volumes of Mānoa) The Poem Behind the Poem: Translating Asian Poetry into English. Port Townsend, Washington: Copper Canyon Press, 2004 (essays) Wao Akua: The Sacred Source. Honolulu: State Department of Land and Natural Resources, 2003. With Barbara Pope and Jolie Wanger (essays on natural history) The Presence of Whales: Contemporary Writings on the Whale. Seattle: Alaska Northwest Books, 1995; Vancouver: White Cap, 1995 (literary natural history) A World Between Waves. Washington, D.C.: Island Press/Shearwater Books, 1992 (literary natural history) Passages to the Dream Shore: Short Stories of Contemporary Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1987 InterChange: A Symposium on Regionalism, Internationalism, and Ethnicity in Literature. Co-edited with Linda Spalding. Honolulu: InterArts, 1980 Poetry Hawaii: A Contemporary Anthology. Co-edited with John Unterecker. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1979 Talk Story: An Anthology of Hawaii’s Local Writers. Co-edited with Eric Chock et al. Honolulu: Petronium Press/Talk Story, Inc., 1978 ¶ Edited Journals and Books in the Mānoa Series (sole editor unless otherwise noted) The Colors of Dawn: Twentieth-century Korean Poetry. Co-editors Brother Anthony of Taize and Chung Eun-Gwe. 27:2 (Winter 2015). Story Is a Vagabond: Fiction, Drama, and Essays by Intizar Husain. Co-editor Alok Bhalla, Asif Farrukhi, and Nishat Zaidi. 27:1 (Summer 2015). Reprinted Oxford University Press-Pakistan (2016) Islands of Imagination: Modern Indonesian Plays. Co-editor with John McGlynn. 26:2 (Winter 2014). Starry Island: New Writing from Singapore. Co-Editor Fiona Sze-Lorrain. 26:1 (Summer 2014). Reprinted National University of Singapore Press (2014) Bright As an Autumn Moon: Fifty Poems from the Sanskrit. Co-editor Andrew Schelling 25:2 (Winter 2013) Cascadia: The Life and Breath of the World. Co-Editor Trevor Carolan. 25:1 (Summer 2013) On Freedom: Spirit, Art, and State. Co-editor Fionna Sze-Lorrain. 24:2 (Winter 2012) Sky Lanterns: New Poetry from China, Formosa, and Beyond. Co-editor Fiona Sze-Lorrain. 24: 1 (Summer 2012) Almost Heaven: On the Human and the Divine. 23:2 (Winter 2011) Living Spirit: Literature and Resurgence in Okinawa. Co-editor Katsunori Yamazato. 23:1 (Summer 2011) Wild Hearts: New Writing from Asia, the Pacific, and the Americas. 22:2 (Winter 2010) Andha Yug: The Age of Darkness: A play by Dharamvir Bharati. Co-editor Alok Bhalla. 22:1 (Summer 2010) Lucky Come Hawaii: A Novel of December 7, 1941: A Novel by Jon Shirota. 21:2 (Winter 2009) Voices from Okinawa. Co-editor Katsunori Yamazato. 21:1 (Summer 2009) Enduring War: Stories of What We Have Learned. 20:2 (Winter 2008) Gates of Reconciliation: Literature and the Ethical Imagination. Co-editor Barry Lopez. 20:1 (Summer 2008) Maps of Reconciliation: Literature and the Ethical Imagination. Co-editor Barry Lopez. 19:2 (Winter 2007) Crossing Over: Partition Literature from India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Co-editor Sukrita Paul Kumar. 19:1 (Summer 2007); also published in an Asian edition in India by Doaba Publications (New Delhi) 2008. Where the Rivers Meet: New Writing from Australia. Co-editors Marissa Behrnt, Barry Lopez, Mark Tredinnick. 18:2 (Winter 2006) Beyond Words: Asian Writers on Their Work. 18:1 (Summer 2006) Varua Tupu: New Writing from French Polynesia. Co-editors Kareva Mateata-Allain and Alexander Mawyer 17:2 (Winter 2005) Blood Ties: Writing across Chinese Borders. Co-editors Karen Gernant and Chen Zeping. 17:1 (Summer 2005) Jungle Planet and Other New Stories 16:2 (Winter 2004) In the Shadow of Angkor. Co-editor Sharon May. 16:1 (Summer 2004) The Mystified Boat: Postmodern Fiction from China. Co-editor Herbert J. Batt. 15:2 (Winter 2003) Mercury Rising: Contemporary Poetry from Taiwan. Co-editors Arthur Sze and Michelle Yeh. 15:1 (Summer 2003) Century of the Tiger: One Hundred Years of Korean Culture in America. Co-editors Jenny Ryun Foster, and Heinz Insu Fenkl 14:2 (Winter 2002) Two Rivers: Vietnamese Writing from America and Viet Nam. Co-editors Kevin Bowen and Nguyen Ba Chung. 14:1 (Summer 2002) Secret Places: New Writing from Nepal. Co-editor Samrat Upadhyay and Manjushree Thapa. 13:2 (Winter 2001) Silence to Light: Japan and the Shadows of War. Co-editor Leza Lowitz 13:1 (Summer 2001) Song of the Snow Lion: Writing from Tibet. Co-editors Herbert J. Batt and Tsering Shakya. 12:2 (Winter 2000) Silenced Voices: New Writing from Indonesia. Co-editor John McGlynn 12:1 (Summer 2000) The Wounded Season: Writing from Korea. Co-editor Susie Jie Young Kim. 11:2 (Winter 1999) Land beneath the Wind: New Writing from Malaysia. Co-editors K. S. Maniam and Daizal Rafeek Samad. 11:1 (Summer 1999) Inland Shores: Nature writing from Western Canada. Co-editor Charlene Gilmore. 10:2 (Winter 1998) The Zigzag Way: Writing from China. Co-editor Arthur Sze. 10:1 (Summer 1998) Century of Dreams: Writing from the Philippines. Co-editors Eric Gamalinda and Alfred A. Yuson. 9:2 (Winter 1997) Homeland: Writing from New Zealand. Co-editors Reina Whaitiri and Robert Sullivan. 9:1 (Summer 1997) Seeing the Invisible: Women’s fiction from Korea. Co-editor Bruce Fulton. 8:2 (Winter 1996) Stories and poems from the Pacific Coast of South America. Co-editor James Hoggard. 8:1 (Summer 1996) Writing from Viet Nam. Co-editors Kevin Bowen and Nguyen Nguyet Cam. 7:2 (Winter 1995) Fiction from Japan. Co-editor Leza Lowitz. 7:1 (Summer 1995) Fiction, poetry, native folk tales, and essays from the Russian Far East. Co-editor Adele Barker. 6:2 (Winter 1994) Post-Tiananmen Square poetry from the People’s Republic of China. Co-editor Arthur Sze. 6:1 (Summer 1994) Fiction, poetry, and memoirs from Australia. Co-editor Christina Thompson. 5:2 (Winter 1993) Fiction, poetry, plays, and interviews from the Pacific Islands. Co-editor Vilsoni Hereniko. 5:1 (Summer 1993) Fiction and poetry from Mexico. Co-editors Hernan Lara Zavala and Darlaine Mahealani Dudoit. 4:2 (Fall 1992) Fiction and poetry from the Philippines. Co-editor Alfred A. Yuson. 4:1 (Spring 1992) Fiction by women from Japan. Co-edited by Masao Miyoshi. 3:2 (Fall 1991) Fiction and poetry from Indonesia. Co-editor John McGlynn. 3:1 (Spring 1991) Fiction from Korea guest-edited by Kim Uchang vol. 2, no. 2 (Fall 1990) Fiction, poetry, and oral narratives from Papua New Guinea. Co-edidtors David Roskies and Darlaine Mahealani Dudoit. 2:1 (Spring 1990) Fiction from the People’s Republic of China. Co-editor Howard Goldblatt. 1:1-2 (Spring-Fall 1989) ¶ Poetry in Journals, National and International “Moon Door: Versions of Korean Sijo by Sin Chae-ho, Kim Keong-p’il, Yi Sun-in, and Sŏ Kyŏng-dŏk. Harvard Review On-line: Omniglots. (2015). “In Spite of Ourselves.” Kyoto Journal: Perspectives from Asia 59 (2005) “Work and Grace: the Diaspora.” Alaska Quarterly Review 19:3-4 (Spring-Summer 2002) “Searching for Ice” Agni: Thirtieth Anniversary Poetry Anthology 56 (2001), 380. Reprinted from Agni 20 (1984) “All the Doors of My House Closed for the Night.” Ohio Review 59 (1999), 132 “The Diary.” Missouri Review 11:1 (1998), 184 “So Like a Door that Won’t Stay Closed.” Alaska Quarterly Review 17: 1-2 (Fall-Winter 1998), 259 “Sometimes a Presage enough to Efface All Doubts Untangles Me.” Zyzzyva 13:2 (Fall 1997), 89 “And a Winter Evening Azrael’s Shadow Darkens the Garden,” “The Final Cause Is Not Power but Consciousness, Says Anaxagoras.” Poetry International 1 (1997), 58-59 “Kamuela,” “Mauna Loa at 7,000 Feet,” “Ama‘u,” “Angels of the Mission of the Southern Cross.” Ploughshares 18:1 (1992), 218-221 “Wanting to Catch Nothing,” “Night Music for Insomniacs,” “Crossing the Bridge.” Café Solo 10:1-3 (1992), 23-25 “The Vulture of This World,” “Giving Her Up to Emergency.” “St. Agnes, and the Stars Come Out.” Colorado Review 16:2 (Fall 1989/Winter 1990) 24-27 “Summer Aubade.” Hayden’s Ferry Review 4 (Spring 1989) 12 “Marriage to You Was Like Michigan.” A Christmas Toast.” Swamp Root 1:1 (1988), 19-21 “Summer Aubade.” Literary Arts Hawaii 88/89 (Summer/Spring 1988), 21 “The Diary.” Missouri Review 11-1 (1988), 183 “Keokea.” Ahupua‘a 1:1 (Winter 1987) 6 “Song,” “Afterwards,” The Dance.” Ironwood 30 (Fall 1987), 5-7 “Above June Lake.” Chaminade Literary Review 1 (Fall 1987), 68-69 “A Christmas Toast.” Bamboo Ridge 33 (Spring 11987), 62 “The Arrival.” Zyzzyva 3:4 (Winter 1987), 72 “The Firebombing,” “the Boarder,” “Honolulu Winter Morning.” Bellingham Review 9:1 (1986), 39-41 “New Hampshire, Late Summer,” “The Pinball Player,” “Forty.” Chiaroscuro 5/6 (1986), 67-70 “Reunion.” Brick 28 (Fall 1986), 64 “A Night Drinking Song,” “My Friend the Chinese Contortionist Is Dead,” “Song,” “Home.” The Paper 3:4 (1986), 42-45 “Mount Vernon Parkway.” Tyuonyi 1 (1985), 112-113 “Flight,” “The Backwater Poets,” “Don Giovanni.” Mississippi Review 40/41 (Winter 1985), 117-119 “On the Pali Coast, Hawaii.” Graham House Review 8 (1985), 34 “Weekend.” Bellingham Review 8 (Fall 1985), 24 “The Bakery,” Sway Pole Rider.” Sonora Review 9 (Fall 1985), 69-72 “Molokai, Coming Near.” The Chowder Review 20/21 (Summer 1985), 47 “Christmas Birds” Southern Poetry Review 23:2 (Fall 1983), 44-45 “Searching for Ice.” Agni Review 20 (Spring 1984), 39-40 “The Ghost of Kavanagh,” “New Again.” The Paper 3:1 (Winter 1984), 12 “Flying the Red Eye,” “Summer 1964: O Freedom Over Me.” Indiana Review 6:3 (Summer 1983), 66-67 “My Friend Norman’s Fish Picture,” “Hard Yellow.” The Paper 2:4 (Fall 1983), 7 “Christmas Birds.” Southern Poetry Review 23:2 (Fall 1983), 44-45 “Hawaiian Rain,” “Honolulu Nights: Fort Street,” The Horses at Makawao,” “Upcountry Maui,” “Early Morning,” “Young Woman in a Field,” “Sunday.” Tendril 131 (Summer 1982), 74-84 “Summer 1964: ‘O Freedom Over Me’,” “Flying the Red Eye.” Indiana Review 6:3 (Summer 1983) 66-67 “The Geese.” Three Rivers Poetry Journal 17/18 (1981), 74 “Queen’s Breath,” “The Wreath,” “Kore: the Critical Ward,” “Morning,” “Poem for Reiko.” Floating Island 3 (Winter 1980), 137-139 “Marriage Among Friends,” “A Folio Piece for John Logan,” “Chinatown.” Ironwood 7 (Fall 1979), 90-92 “Winter Garden,” “Another Color.” Tendril 6 (Autumn 1979), 36-37 “Letter Written to San Francisco but Never Mailed,” “Learning to Flower.” Epoch 23 (Spring-Summer 1979), 262-263 “Summer Storm.” San Marcos Reviw 1:2 (1978), 53 “Waving Goodbye” “Orphee at Rest.” The Little Magazine 11:3 (1978), 96-97 “Ulster.” Impuse (Spring 1978), 63 “The Waiting.” Poetry Now 4:2 (1978), 40 “The Host of Winter.” Road Apple Review (Winter/Spring 1978), n.p. “Consolation.” Northeast (Summer 1977), 18 “Autumn.” “New England, Early April.” Road Apple Review (Summer/Fall 1977) “Honolulu Harbor.” The Niagara Magazine 5-6 (Summer 1976), 26 “I Think Hate Likely as Love,” “The Distance,” “Summer Solstice,” “Six Translations from the Japanese,” “A Fable.” Shitashi 1-3 (1977), 19 “Night.” Loon 5 (Fall 1975), 51 ¶ Poetry in Books and Anthologies “Black Winter.” In American War Poetry: An Anthology. Ed. by Lorrie Goldensohn. NY: Columbia University Press, 2006, 313 “Letter to a Daughter at Age Ten,” “Hawaiian Rain,” “Coming and Going with Po Chu-i.” In Honoring Fathers: An International Poetry Anthology. Ed. by Abad, Gemino H. and Alfred Yuson, eds. Quezon City: University of Philippines Press, 2005 “A Guide to Musical Styles I,” “A Guide to Musical Styles II,” “A Guide to Musical Styles III: Yet the Hard Chain Is on the Heart,” “Balance and Lever.” In Place of Passage: Contemporary Catholic Poetry. Ed. by David Craig and Janet McCann. Ashland, OR: Storyline Press, 2000 “The Black Moth.” In Dog Music. Ed. by Joseph Deumer and Jim Simmerman. NY: St. Martins, 1996 “To a Friend Killed in Dragon Valley, Vietnam,” “The Dance.” In Men of Our Time. Ed. by Fred Moramarco and Al Zolynas., Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992. “Flight.” In Anthology of Magazine Verse and Yearbook of American Poetry. Ed. by Alan F. Pater. Beverly Hills: Monitor, 1988, 66 “On the Pali Coasts, Hawaii,” Above June Lake.” “The Backwater Poets.” In Crossing the River: Poets of the Western United States. NY: Permanent Press, 1987, 189-192 “To a Friend.” In Editor’s Choice II: Fiction Poetry and Art from the U.S. Small Presses. Iowa city: The Spirit that Moves Us, 1987, 62 “Black Winter.” In Carrying the Darkness: American Indochina, Poetry of the Vietnam War. Ed. by W. D. Ehrhart. NY: Avon, 1985, 244-246. Reprint “Black Winter.” In Peace is Our Profession: Poems and Passages of War Protest. Montclair, NJ: East River Anthology, 1981, 280-281 “Train Window.” In Night House Anthology: 48 Younger American Poets. Boston: Four Zoas, 1981, 15-16 “Orphee at Rest.” In Only Connect, ed. by Guy Amirthanayagam and S. C. Harrex. Adelaide, Australia: Flinders University Center for Research in English, 1981, 89 “Another Color.” In Anthology of Magazine Verse and Yearbook of American Poetry, ed. by Alan F. Pater. Beverly Hills: Monitor, 1981. Reprinted from Tendril 1979. “Delivery.” In Contents Under Pressure: A Portable Gallery of Visual and Verbal Art. Ed. by Fred Laughter. La Jolla, CA: Moonlight Publications, 1981, 231 “The Sea Breathes Quietly, Menelaus.” In Passages, ed. by Erika Boehm and Malcolm Berd. Triton: Triton College, 1980, 26 ¶ Essays and Chapters in Books and Anthologies 『カクテル・パーティー』の上演はなぜ必要であったか」77-94; 「大城立裕&フランク・スチュワート 特別対談—『カクテル・パーティー』を語る」コーディネーター 元浜秀彦 95-118. In 〈オキナワ〉人の移動、文学、ディアスポラ. 人の移動と21世紀のグローバル社会 山里勝己、石原昌英 編 琉球大学 (University of the Ryukuys) 彩流社(Sairyusha)2013. “The Canon of Nature Poetry in the Twenty-first Century: A Perspective from the Mid-Pacific. ” In The Language of Conservation: Poetry in Library and Zoo Collaborations. New York: Poets House. 2013. 174-176 “In the Midst of Things.” In Akule: Photographs by Wayne Levin. Honolulu: Editions Limited, 2010 “Polyphony in Okinawan Literature and the Works of Jon Shirota.” In Proceedings for the International Symposium Human Migration and the 21st Century Global Society: Immigration, Language, and Literature. Ed. by Nakahoko Masanori, Yamazato Katsunori, and Ishihara Masahide. Naha, Okinawa Pref., Japan: University of the Ryukyus, 2009. Pp. 49-54. “Foreword.” (with Patricia Matsudea). In Another Kind of Paradise: Short stories from the New Asia-Pacific. Ed. by Trevor Carolyn. Boston: Cheng & Tsui, 2009 “Presentation.” Human Migration and the Twenty-first Century Global Society, International Symposium. University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan. Nov. 29-30, 2008. [Sponsored by American Studies Center and Faculty of Law and Letters, University of the Ryukyus] “Loving Homer.” In Father Nature: Fathers as Guides to the Natural World. Ed. by Paul S. Piper and Stan Tag. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2003 “Shadows of Abundance,” in Other Oceans: Photographs of Wayne A. Levin. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2001. “Courage Borrowed and Out of Bounds.” In Spreading the Word: Editors on Poetry. Ed. by Stephen Corey and Warren Slesinger. Beaufort, SC: The Bench Press, 2001, pp. 113-119 “A Walk on the Everlasting.” In American Nature Writing 1996. Ed. by John Murray. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1996, 48-55 “Introduction.” In Deep River Talk: Collected Poems by Hone Tuwhare. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 1994 “Foreword.” In Island at the Edge of Time: A Journey to America’s Barrier Islands by Gunnar Hansen. Washington, D.C.: Island Press/Shearwater Books, 1993 “The World Between Waves” in Nature’s New Voices. Ed. by John A Murray. Denver: Fulcrum Press, 1992. “Symbols in the Rock.” In A Thousand Leagues of Blue: The Sierra Club Book of the Pacific, A Literary Voyage. Ed. by John A. Murray. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1996. Reprinted from Southwest Review 77 (Spring 1992) ¶ Essays in journals Alka Hingorani, Making Faces: Self and Images Creation in a Himalayan Valley. In Summerhill: Indian Institute of Advanced Studies 18:2 (Winter 2012), 74-76 (Review Essay) “Stories of What We Have Learned and Why They Must Be Retold.” Biblio: A Review of Books, Vol. 13: 9-10 (Sept.-Oct. 2008), 7-8. [Delhi, India.] “Old Intimacies and New.” Ideya 5:2 (March 2004), 138-145 “Blessed by Luck.” River City Review 20:1 (Winter 2000) 5-9 “Poetry and Wildness: Some Notes on the Hunt.” Ohio Review 64-65 (2001) 345-367. Thirtieth Anniversary Issue, Vol 11. Reprinted from Ohio Review 45 (1990) “What It Will Bear: Some Reflections on Writers and Home.” River City Review 18:1 (Winter 1998) 1-9 “Small Winged Forms above the Sea: the Life of Rachel Carson.” Orion 14:1 (Winter 1995), 14-18 “Symbols in the Rock.” Southwest Review 77 (Spring 1992) “Angels Are the Free Electrons of Form.” Mississippi Review 19:3 (Spring 1991), 113-114 “Wonderfully Conscious Poetry: George Bowering's Selected Poems: Particular Accidents.” Essays On Canadian Writing 38 (Summer 1989): 56-66 “Wildness and Belief,” Brick: A Journal of Reviews 33 (1988), 13-19 [Canada] “The Waves of Hokusai,” EastWest (Autumn 1985), 60. ¶ Translations: Book I, Snow Leopard by Jidi Majia (with a preface by Barry Lopez). Honolulu/Berkeley: Manoa Books and El Leon Literary Arts, 2016 ¶ Translations: in Journals and Anthologies “A Lyric” and “Under the Pine” by Yang Mu. With Michelle Yeh. Chinese Literature Today 4:1 (2014), 69. Adagio,” “Work” by Chen Li; “War” by Yang Mu; “Homemade Bomb,” “One World, One Dream” by Hung Hung; “”You don’t listen anyway,” “I am not hot” by Shiah-Shiah; “Road” by Enid. With Michelle Yeh. World Literature Today 84:1 (Jan/Feb 2010) “Night Character” by Dino Campana. In Anthology of Magazine Verse and Yearbook of American Poetry. Ed. by Alan F. Pater. Beverly Hills: Monitor 1981, 63. Reprinted from Cutbank, 1981 “On the Wetting Road Always Splashing” by Izumiya Akira, “Goodbye, It’s on the Road Time” by Tetsuo Nakagami. Moody Street Irregulars 10 (Fall 1981), 6-8 “Night Character” by Dino Campana. Cutbank 14 (Spring-Summer 1980), 77-80 “Autumn Garden (Florence),” “Treacherous Sonnet,” “The High Window,” “Night Character,” “Four Poems for Sibella Aleramo” by Dino Campana. Stardancer 5/6 (Spring 1980), 77-80 “Come, Always Come” by Vicente Aleixandre. Thunder Mountain Review 1 (1979), 26-27 “Poem of the Night Jack Kerouac Called Me” by Tetsuo Nakagami. With Kazuko Shiraishi. Moody Street Irregulars 5 (Summer-Fall 1979), 6 “The Infinite” by Giacomo Leopardi, “To Himself” by Giacomo Leopardi. Paintbrush 3:5 (Spring 1976), 34-35

Areas of Interest

Creative writing, modern and contemporary poetry and poetics, American nature writing, international literature of Asia, the Americas, and the Pacific.


Hawai‘i Governor’s Award for Literature, 2002 The UH- Mänoa George Lucas Award, for support of student publications, 1998 The UH- Mänoa College of LLL Excellence in Teaching Award, 1998 The Cades Award for Literature, 1996 The Whiting Writers Award, The Whiting Foundation, 1986 Pushcart Prize, 1984-85 Pushcart Prize Nomination, 1983 Award of Excellence, Hawai‘i Videotape Competition, 1983 Pele Award, 1981 Award of Excellence, National Public Relations Association, 1982 Gold Quill Award, International Association of Business Communicators, 1982 Galley Award, International Association of Business Communicators, 1980 All Nations International Poetry Award. Trition College of Illinois, 1978 Merit Award, Chancellor’s Office, UH- Mänoa for service and publications, 1977 Eugene Banks Award, 1968


BA, MA, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Publishing Procedures Certificate, Harvard University